Afar in one of the nine ethnic groups of Ethiopia and the area has got its name from the people. Its current capital is Asayita; a new capital named Semera on the paved Awash – Assab highway is under construction. In the region of Galaha, MSF has a tuberculosis (TB) centre for the nomadic people.
The landscape is rocky and there aren’t many roads. The volcano Erta Ale, who lies 50 kilometres from the Eritrean border, is active and has two craters with lava lakes.
The observation of the volcano is limited, the local Afar people have a fierce reputation and the temperature in the region can exceed 50○C. The only way to reach the volcano is to go by camel the last three days.