Medicines and Diseases

The death is often painful in Ethiopia. Famine draws the hope out of humanity and hideous crimes are taking place in the search for food and water. But there are many with no hope at all, Kala Azar is damnation for the people. The skin and tissue falls apart and with a pain that darkened the pure souls of the victims, prays to god for help goes unheard.

It’s not only famine that kills and brings suffering to the people in Ethiopia, there are several diseases. Here is a short list.

Rabies
Rabies virus is usually present in the saliva of a symptomatic rabid animal; the route of infection is nearly always by a bite. By causing the infected animal to be exceptionally aggressive, the virus ensures its transmission to the next host. Transmission from person to person is extremely rare, though it can happen through transplant surgery, or even more rarely through bites or kisses.
After a typical human infection by animal bite, the virus directly or indirectly enters the peripheral nervous system. Once the virus reaches the brain, it rapidly causes encephalitis (acute inflammation) and symptoms appear. The period between infection and the first flu-like symptoms is normally 3-12 weeks, but can be as long as two years.

Soon after, the symptoms expand to cerebral dysfunction, anxiety, insomnia, confusion, agitation, abnormal behaviour, hallucinations, progressing to delirium. The production of large quantities of saliva and tears coupled with an inability to speak or swallow are typical during the later stages of the disease; this is known as “hydrophobia”. Death almost invariably results 2-10 days after the first symptoms; the handful of people who are known to have survived the disease were all left with severe brain damage

AIDS
Achtung: AIDS ist 1980 noch weitestgehend unbekannt! Aber dennoch existent…

AIDS is defined as a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the depletion of the immune system caused by infection with HIV. Although treatments for both AIDS and HIV exist, there is no known cure. HIV can be transmitted by the sharing of needles by users of intravenous drugs. There is a 15–30% risk of transmission of HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, labour and delivery. In Ethiopia there is 11⁄2 million who is infected by the disease. It is mainly spread by heterosexual intercourse, but sometimes infected blood can be used in blood transfusions.

Medicines and Diseases

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